10 biotechnology breakthroughs in 2021 (2023)

As we move into the 21st century, biotechnologies have also gained prominence and are becoming increasingly important in our daily lives, especially now that the world is suffering from the COVID-19 pandemic. Scientists and researchers have made notable contributions in this field, leading to significant improvements. From vaccine development to gene sequencing, biotechnology has only paved the way and has been a boon to all of us.

Advances in Biotechnology 2021

10 biotechnology breakthroughs in 2021 (1)

Some of the advances in biotechnology in 2021 are listed below in this article.

1. Synthetic DNA

The Covid-19 pandemic has highlighted the need for biotechnology more than ever. For Covid-19 research, DNA synthesis is one of the pillars. Synthetic DNA is used in genomic studies of the virus that causes Covid-19 and helps track the spread and evolution of the infection. Working with a researcher from Professor Troels Skrydstrup's group, Professor Kurt Gothelf's group developed a unique method to quickly and easily make the volatile building blocks before they are used, making DNA production more efficient. The DNA sequences produced are also referred to as oligonucleotides and require an automated form of chemical production. This method usedPhosphoramiditas, which are fragile chemical molecules if not kept at the optimum temperature of -20 degrees Celsius. The professors worked together to develop a simple but feasible technology that would allow the production of phosphoramidites to be mechanized and integrated directly into the DNA synthesizer, eliminating the need for manual synthesis, which can take up to 12 hours . In the phosphoramidite manufacturing method, nucleosides are released through a resin that can be fully integrated into an automated process in DNA synthesizers. The resin causes the nucleosides to be phosphorylated rapidly, resulting in the conversion of nucleosides into phosphoramidites within minutes, leading to DNA synthesis.

2. Vaccine Development

However, as the coronavirus is known to be associated with milder infections such as the common cold, there are three variants: severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV), Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) and SARS-CoV- 2 - are now associated with significant disease and death among infected people, causing global chaos or worldwide pandemics. It is important to formulate new long-term strategies to stop the spread of the virus around the world. With the help of biotechnology, many researchers and scientists have managed to formulate reliable vaccines. Many synthetic biologists have discovered a new approach to increasing yields in the manufacture of protein-based vaccines, perhaps through improved access to life-saving drugs. Recently dr. Katalin Karikó, who also wrote “2022Vilcek Prize for Excellence in Biotechnology.” Karikó showed that altering nucleosides, the building blocks of messenger RNA (mRNA), makes mRNA safe for use in vaccines against pathogens. Thanks to their insights into the stabilizing effect of nucleoside alteration in mRNA, scientists have been able to develop mRNA vaccines for COVID-19, particularly those being developed by Pfizer and Moderna. In clinical trials, the vaccines were 94% effective in preventing symptomatic disease and are now being used in the United States to help stop the pandemic.

(Video) 2021's Breakthroughs in Neuroscience and Other Biology

See Also Gilead and Insitro Make NASH Deal Valued at Up to $1.05 Billion

3. Testing and detection of COVID-19

Despite the recent release of promising phase III data on Covid-19 vaccines, the virus that causes the disease, SARS-CoV-2, is expected to be with us for at least a few more months. The only way to ensure good medical care and prevent the spread of the disease is to identify infected people. Standard clinical testing methods often produce incorrect results, and traditional sequencing approaches are time-consuming and expensive. Recently, Jeremy Edwards, director of the Computational Genomics and Technology (CGaT) Laboratory at the University of New Mexico, and his other colleagues have developed a chip that makes genome sequencing of viruses like COVID-19 much easier and faster. . Scientists used a side-by-side genomic panel they developed for inexpensive and effective whole viral genome resequencing to scan the viral genome of eight clinical specimens obtained from patients tested positive for SARS-CoV in Wyoming -2 were tested to quickly and accurately resequence part of the study. Eventually, they were able to identify 95% of the genome of each sample with greater than 99.9% efficiency. Edwards, a professor in UNM's Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology, even claimed that this new chip would enable faster and more accurate tracking of COVID and other viruses, including new variants.

CliqueHerefor more informations.

4. 4D printing and tissue engineering

The idea of ​​4D printing is gaining popularity in the production of self-healing substances for engineering and tissue-making applications, but has seen limited use in agricultural and agricultural applications. 4D materials change shape when exposed to certain environments, but recently available materials have poor compatibility with cells. However, the research team led by Eben Alsberg developed new 4D materials based on jelly-like hydrogels that change shape when reacting with water and are recyclable and cell-friendly, making them ideal options for improved tissue engineering. Hydrogels can also maintain very high cell densities, allowing for dense seeding of cells. In addition, they found that the system can be calibrated to control the timing and degree of shape change. The researchers managed to implant bone marrow stem cells into the hydrogel at very high density without destroying them, representing a breakthrough in bioengineering. In addition, 4D bioprinting of this hydrogel has also been used to create new configurations for more complicated 4D constructs.

you can clickHerefor detailed information.

(Video) Top 5 Medical Innovations to look for in 2022

5. Gene editing

For the first time, the researchers were able to demonstrate that certain human endogenous retroviruses orREVfound throughout our genome are activated and seriously impair brain development. Biotechnology has enabled scientists to better understand the processes and functions of HERV. Researchers grew a specific group of human endogenous retroviruses in human stem cells and created neurons using CRISPR technology. These viral components activated specific genes associated with brain development, which also included traditional developmental factors. As a result, the cortical neurons of the cerebral cortex completely lost their functionality.

See also 8 Biotech Breakthroughs of 2017

Click for more informationHere.

6. Gene Sequencing

In the last decade, large-scale whole-genome sequencing technology, which determines the complete genetic material of an individual, has advanced rapidly. Now, for the first time in five years, the center has sequenced the genomes of 3,219 patients, leading to the molecular diagnosis of 1,287 people with unusual diseases (40%). Harmful mutations have been found in more than 750 genes and 17 new disease genes have been discovered. Patients with hereditary metabolic diseases, unusual epilepsies and primary immunodeficiencies have benefited from personalized treatment in some situations. A major project is currently underway in the Swedish healthcare sector to replicate a similar working technique on a larger scale. For example, Karolinska Institutet and Karolinska University Hospital have established a Joint Center for Precision Medicine (PMCK) to integrate and develop a partnership in precision medicine. This technique has also led to the discovery of other previously undiscovered disease genes and opened new avenues for further study of pathogenic pathways.

For more information about the survey, clickHere.

(Video) The 5 Biggest BioTech Trends

7. Quantum Microscope

Another major advance in biotechnology is the creation of a quantum microscope that will allow us to see what was previously impossible. According to Professor Bowen of the Quantum Optics Laboratory, "This innovation will unlock all sorts of new technologies, from better navigation systems to better MRI machines, you name it." It's also the first Tangle-based detection device to outperform the best technology currently available. The ability of the team's quantum microscope to break through a 'hard barrier' in conventional light-based microscopy was a major achievement. This quantum entanglement not only provides 35% clarity without cell destruction, but also helps improve detection. This removes the last piece of the puzzle. This exciting breakthrough will bring about endless changes in biotechnology.


8. Biosensors

Biosensors are growing in popularity due to their potential to revolutionize medical diagnostics and health monitoring. To improve and speed up testing for coronavirus, KAUST scientists have brought together state-of-the-art bioelectronic devices, materials science engineering and synthetic biology protein design. In less than 15 minutes, this new biosensor technology can therefore provide highly accurate results. By combining electrochemical biosensors with genetically engineered protein structures, these diagnostics enable clinicians to quickly and accurately detect viral fragments, previously only possible with slower genetic methods. The complete system can process raw blood at the point of care, eliminating the need for time-consuming sample collection. Initially, human blood and saliva samples treated with protein fractions of the coronaviruses that cause MERS and COVID-19 were used to adapt the test. After collaborating with KAUST doctors and scientists at the King Faisal Specialized Hospital and Research Center in Riyadh, the swabs of the patients were examined. Therefore, the new technology is likely to complement or even replace existing diagnostics for COVID-19 and all future pandemics due to its speed, adaptability and power compared to standard genetic tests.

See also Genetic Advances 2018: News and Discoveries


(Video) New Biotechnology that will Cure Aging by 2030

9. Agriculture and climate

With the help of biotechnology, scientists could make a new discovery that could impact how crops can be grown despite climate change. In addition, it can also contribute to our understanding of molecular systems in animals and humans. The study of vernalization has given us many insights into how plants perceive temperature at the molecular level. Researchers at the John Innes Center used a plant called Arabidopsis, grown in different climates, for experiments. They realized what all plants had in common: when the temperature dropped below freezing, levels of COOLAIR, which is an antisense gene to a gene called FLC, increased. According to the researchers, COOLAIR expression levels increased one hour after freezing and peaked eight hours later. "The first seasonal frost in autumn serves as an important indicator for the onset of winter," the researchers say. Therefore, the results shed light on the versatility of the molecular process by which plants sense temperature, which may help them adapt to different climates. Additionally, since antisense transcription has been shown to affect production in both yeast and human cells, the discovery is likely to have far-reaching implications for the environmental control of gene expression in various organisms.

Reference article:The first frost is the deepest.

10. Environmental DNA

DNA that comes from various organisms found in water or on land is environmental DNA (eDNA), and eDNA studies help identify species. Also a new oneEnvironmental DNA Detection Techniquewas used by biologists led by the University of Iowa to discover the existence of the exotic New Zealand mud slug by finding its DNA in waters where it was previously unknown. This was the first time this technique was used to detect a new hostile population. In addition, with the help of eDNA technology, the researchers were also able to find theEnvironmental DNA from Argentina's Formigain soil samples from two regions where invasive species wreaked havoc; locations on the island of Kobe Harbor and the Fushimi district of Kyoto. Therefore, this method can also work effectively in pest control. Consequently, this strategy could even help scientists understand ecological diversity and hot spots for invasive organisms around the world that cause major damage, like the fire ant.

More information -naturaleza.com


What is the biggest scientific breakthrough in 2021? ›

Here are 10 science breakthroughs of 2021 that you need to know about.
  • The Covid-19 vaccine. ...
  • Malaria vaccine for kids.
  • Launch of the James Webb Telescope. ...
  • New findings on Mars. ...
  • Closer than ever to finding ET. ...
  • CRISPR gene editing injected into blood. ...
  • New species of early humans. ...
  • Most powerful quantum processor yet.
Dec 31, 2021

What are the latest discoveries in biotechnology? ›

Scientists Make Stunning Discovery, Find New Protein Activity in Telomeres. Feb. 20, 2023 — Researchers made the stunning discovery that telomeres contain genetic information to produce two small proteins, one of which they found is elevated in some human cancer cells, as well as cells from ...

What are the 10 scientific discoveries? ›

Here we have a look at ten of the world's greatest accidental scientific discoveries.
  • Penicillin. One of the biggest medicinal breakthroughs in history came about entirely by accident. ...
  • Viagra. ...
  • Plastic. ...
  • The Microwave. ...
  • Vaseline. ...
  • Strikeable Match. ...
  • Gunpowder. ...
  • Mauve.
Jan 10, 2023

What are 5 biotechnology examples? ›

Industrial Biotechnology

It includes the practice of using cells such as microorganisms, or components of cells like enzymes, to generate products in sectors that are industrially useful, such as food and feed, chemicals, detergents, paper and pulp, textiles, biofuels, and biogas.

What was the most important breakthrough of biotechnology? ›

In 1956, Arthur Kornberg and his lab forever changed the world of molecular biology with the discovery of DNA polymerase from E. coli cells. In one instant, scientists were now finally capable of synthesizing new DNA sequences onto an existing DNA strand.

What is 2021 science breakthrough of the year? ›

Now, after nearly 50 years, researchers have shown that artificial intelligence (AI)-driven software can churn out accurate protein structures by the thousands—an advance that realizes Anfinsen's dream and is Science's 2021 Breakthrough of the Year.

What are the top 5 inventions of 2021? ›

  • OrCam Read.
  • Permobil Explorer Mini.
  • Nike GO FlyEase.
  • Revolve Air.

What has been discovered in 2021? ›

They include 14 beetles, 12 sea slugs, nine ants, seven fish, six scorpions, five sea stars, five flowering plants, four sharks, three spiders, two sea pens, one moss, one pygmy pipehorse, and one caecilian.

What are 3 examples of biotechnology that you can think of? ›

The development of insulin, the growth hormone, molecular identity and diagnostics, gene therapies and vaccines such as hepatitis B are some of the milestones of biotechnology and its alliance with genetic engineering.

What are 2 examples of using biotechnology to solve a problem? ›

Insulin, synthesized with biotechnology, avoided the use of insulin isolated from pigs, to which some patients are allergic. Other treatments created by biotechnology include interferon therapy to trigger one's immune system, human growth hormone, and the hepatitis B vaccine.

What are 10 benefits of biotechnology? ›

Advantages of Biotechnology
  • Improvement in Nutritional Quality of Crops. ...
  • Crop Growth is Improved. ...
  • Reduction in Worldwide Hunger – Improves food Security. ...
  • Minimal use of Pesticides on Farms. ...
  • More power to farmers-Economic Growth. ...
  • Preservation of Resources. ...
  • Elimination and minimizing waste products. ...
  • Genetic Screening.

What are the 4 types of biotechnology? ›

The main subfields of biotechnology are medical (red) biotechnology, agricultural (green) biotechnology, industrial (white) biotechnology, marine (blue) biotechnology, food biotechnology, and environmental biotechnology (Fig. 1.1.).

What are 3 of the uses of biotechnology today? ›

The following are how biotechnology applies to our everyday lives.
  • Biofuel. ...
  • Vaccines. ...
  • Bioremediation. ...
  • Pest Resistant Crops. ...
  • Environmental Engineers. ...
  • Cheese Production. ...
  • Alcoholic Drinks. ...
  • Biodefense and Public Safety.

Which is the best example of biotechnology? ›

Synthetic insulin and synthetic growth hormone and diagnostic tests to detect various diseases are just some examples of how biotechnology is impacting medicine. Biotechnology has also proved helpful in refining industrial processes, in environmental cleanup, and in agricultural production.

What is the most important contribution of biotechnology in today's society? ›

Biotechnology plays a major role in monitoring and controlling environmental pollution through biological applications including bioremediation, biomonitoring, biotreatment and biodegradation of all solid, liquid and gaseous wastes.

What are 5 importance of biotechnology? ›

Biotechnology can help address many global problems, such as food security, energy security, climate change, aging society, infectious diseases, etc.

Did you know science facts 2021? ›

Some Amazing Science Facts
  • The oceans produce the majority of the oxygen on Earth. ...
  • Soil is full of life. ...
  • Bananas are radioactive. ...
  • Water can exist in three states at the same time. ...
  • Helium has the ability to work against gravity. ...
  • Humans have inherited genes from other species. ...
  • Human Body. ...
  • Animals and Insects.

What are the Top 10 Emerging technologies 2021? ›

Top 10 Emerging Technologies of 2021
  • Decarbonization Rises.
  • Crops that Self-Fertillise.
  • Breath Sensors Diagnose Diseases.
  • On-Demand Drug Manufacturing.
  • Energy from Wireless Signals.
  • Engineering Better Ageing.
  • Green Ammonia.
  • Biomaker Devices Go Wireless.
Nov 19, 2021

What technology is trending 2021? ›

Natural language processing, low-code platforms, robotic process automation (RPA) are just a few of the capabilities and services making technology more accessible. They each have different and unique applications, but all are bringing the innovative power of machines to human hands.

What is the top trend technology for 2021? ›

Distributed cloud, AI engineering, cybersecurity mesh and composable business drive some of the top trends for 2021.

What is the newest discovered on Earth? ›

A resplendent rainbow fish, a frog that looks like chocolate, a Thai tarantula, an anemone that rides on a back of a hermit crab, and the world's largest waterlily are among the new species named by science in 2022. Scientists estimate that only 10% of all the species on the planet have been described.

What are the 70 new species discovered in 2021? ›

The new species include 14 beetles, 12 sea slugs, nine ants, seven fish, six scorpions, five sea stars, five flowering plants, four sharks, three spiders, two sea pens, one moss, one pygmy pipehorse, and one caecilian.

How many species discovered in 2021? ›

In 2021 around seven new species of animals found across the globe. And in 2022 around 24 new species of animals found. Each animal varies in shape, size, and weight. Their habitats also matter.

What is modern biotechnology in food? ›

Genetically modified food is synthesized using biotechnological tools. Modern Biotechnology is also called as genetic engineering, genetic modification or transgenic technology. In this technology, Nuclear DNA is modified through insertion of gene of interest (gene encoding desired trait).

How is biotechnology used today? ›

Today, biotechnology is being used in countless areas including agriculture, clincial applications, bioremediation and forensics, where DNA sequencing is a common practice. Industry and medicine alike use the techniques of PCR, immunoassays and recombinant DNA.

How is this biotechnology used in society today? ›

Modern biotechnology provides breakthrough products and technologies to combat debilitating and rare diseases, reduce our environmental footprint, feed the hungry, use less and cleaner energy, and have safer, cleaner and more efficient industrial manufacturing processes.

What are the 2 main fields that biotechnology is used in? ›

The use and commercialization of modern biotechnology often fall into four main fields: environment, medicine, industry and agriculture.
  • Environment. The aim of environmental biotechnology is to develop sustainable environmental practices that reduce pollution and waste. ...
  • Medicine. ...
  • Industry. ...
  • Agriculture.

What products are made from biotechnology? ›

These include pharmaceuticals, enzymes, biofuels and solvents, nutrients including vitamins and supplements, and novel polymers.

What is biotechnology class 10? ›

Biotechnology deals with the genetic manipulation of microorganisms or enzymes from the organisms to produce products and different processes that use by humans, and the improvements in the domestication of animals and the cultivation of the plants through breeding such as tissue culture and hybridization.

What are 5 examples of food products that are made using biotechnology processes? ›

Crops produced by biotechnology include soybeans, corn, cotton, canola, papaya, tomatoes and squash. Also, an enzyme used to make cheese and yeast to make bread is commonly produced by biotechnology.

What is an example of how biotechnology has improved human life? ›

The bread for your toast contains natural biotech food enzymes that help the bread rise and keep it fresh. Biotech enzymes are used to remove lactose from milk to help people who are lactose intolerant. Other enzymes are used in brewing beer or in making flavors like vanilla.

What is the most important issue in biotechnology? ›

Clinical trials on humans and animals for making new vaccines or medicines are also responsible for creating ethical issues. Harm to the environment: This is the biggest issue that arises due to biotechnology. Scientists try to predict the ecosystem, and they try to change it as per the convenience of humankind.

Which 11 discoveries changed the world? ›

11 Ancient Inventions & Discoveries Of Science That India Gifted To The Rest Of The World
  • Ancient Dentistry (7000 BC) ...
  • Ayurveda (5000 BC) ...
  • Ancient flush toilet systems (2500 BC) ...
  • Ruler (2400 BC) ...
  • Weighing scale (2400BC) ...
  • Plastic surgery (2000 BC) ...
  • Pythagorean theorem (700 BC) ...
  • Crucible steel (200BC)
Jan 26, 2018

What is the newest scientific discovery? ›

22 of the biggest scientific discoveries of 2022
  • Tonga's January volcano was the biggest eruption ever recorded.
  • Ameca debuts at Consumer Electronics Show 2022.
  • Discovery of a 30,000-year-old preserved baby mammoth.
  • Breakthroughs in fungus communication.
  • James Webb space telescope captures new images of cosmos.
Jan 7, 2023

What are the ten 10 greatest ancient inventions in the history of science and technology? ›

Top 10 Inventions in Ancient Human History
  • of 10. Acheulean Handaxe (~1,700,000 Years Ago) ...
  • of 10. Control of Fire (800,000-400,000 Years Ago) ...
  • of 10. Art (~100,000 Years Ago) ...
  • of 10. Textiles (~40,000 Years Ago) ...
  • of 10. Shoes (~40,000 Years Ago) ...
  • of 10. Ceramic Containers (~20,000 Years Ago) ...
  • of 10. ...
  • of 10.
Jul 1, 2019

What technology has been invented in the last 10 years? ›

iPads, smartwatches, fitness trackers, true wireless earphones, electric cars—the list of innovations from this decade is a long one. Sci-fi tropes like universal translators and virtual reality games became very real. And virtual assistants like Siri and Alexa changed how we interact with technology in our homes.

What are the 10 inventions that changed the world? ›

Top 10 innovations
  • Printing press.
  • Light bulb.
  • Airplane.
  • Personal computer.
  • Vaccines.
  • Automobile.
  • Clock.
  • Telephone.

What are the 5 most important inventions of the 21st century? ›

These are the 21st-century inventions that shape our day-to-day world.
  • Smartphones. We're practically attached to them, so it's hard to remember that the first iPhone came out just 15 years ago. ...
  • Social media. ...
  • Tokenization. ...
  • GPS Navigation. ...
  • Streaming. ...
  • E-Readers. ...
  • Human Genome Map. ...
  • Cryptocurrency.
Jul 1, 2022

What are the most powerful 21st century technologies? ›

"Our most powerful 21st-century technologies—robotics, genetic engineering, and nanotech—are threatening to make humans an endangered species."

Which among biotechnology techniques are still used today? ›

Modern applications of biotechnology work most often through genetic engineering, which is also known as recombinant DNA technology. Genetic engineering works by modifying or interacting with the genetic cell structures.

What are the different modern biotechnology techniques? ›

The three important techniques of biotechnology are: (1) Recombinant DNA Technology (Genetic Engineering) (2) Plant Tissue Culture and (3) Transgenic (Genetically Modified Organisms).

What are the recent uses of biotechnology? ›

Synthetic insulin and synthetic growth hormone and diagnostic tests to detect various diseases are just some examples of how biotechnology is impacting medicine. Biotechnology has also proved helpful in refining industrial processes, in environmental cleanup, and in agricultural production.

What is the most common organism used in biotechnology today? ›

Escherichia coli (E. coli) is a rod-shaped bacterium that lives in the gut of warm-blooded animals. It is a crucial tool in modern biotechnology.


1. Top 10 Biggest Scientific Discoveries of 2021
2. The 5 Biggest Biotech Trends In 2022
(Business News)
3. 2023 and Beyond: The Future of Biotech
4. MIA: Ricardo Hernandez Medina, Multi-omics variational autoencoding; Primer by Simon Rasmussen
(Broad Institute)
5. Amazing Biotechnology Advancements
6. 10 Reasons Why Biotech is Booming


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Amb. Frankie Simonis

Last Updated: 08/21/2023

Views: 5836

Rating: 4.6 / 5 (56 voted)

Reviews: 87% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Amb. Frankie Simonis

Birthday: 1998-02-19

Address: 64841 Delmar Isle, North Wiley, OR 74073

Phone: +17844167847676

Job: Forward IT Agent

Hobby: LARPing, Kitesurfing, Sewing, Digital arts, Sand art, Gardening, Dance

Introduction: My name is Amb. Frankie Simonis, I am a hilarious, enchanting, energetic, cooperative, innocent, cute, joyous person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.