Make stunning image updates with text cues using the Create Fill feature (2023)

Get creative with Generate Fill and give your photos amazing updates with text messages right in Photoshop (beta) for desktop.

Try creating fills in the Photoshop desktop app (beta).
To install Photoshop (beta) on your computer, visitbeta appyour labelcreative clouddesktop application and selectsetting upClosePhotoshop (beta).

Download Photoshop (beta).

Make stunning image updates with text cues using the Create Fill feature (1)

Subject of this article:

  • How to use fill generation
  • Benefits of infill creation
  • Tips and tricks for using fill generation
  • Question? we have the answer

Meet Generative Fill - A revolutionary set of amazing new AI-powered features harness your innate creativity to non-destructively add, augment or remove content from images with simple text cues. You can be amazed, thrilled and shocked with realistic results in seconds.

We're building these features in collaboration with our community, so real-time feedback shapes these new experiences. To share your valuable opinion please visit the websiteAdobe Photoshop Beta Community.

To learn more about genetic AI and find answers to frequently asked questions, seeGeneral AI FAQs.

By creating a fill, you can:

  • create an object: Select an image area, then use the text prompt to describe what you want to add/replace.
  • background creation: Select the background behind the object and create a new scene according to the text prompt.
  • extended image: Expand the image canvas and select an empty area. Spawn will spawn Harmony scene extensions without prompting. Hint playback will add content to the image while expanding the rest of the scene.
  • remove the object: Select an item to remove, then play without asking, let the AI ​​technology make it disappear.
  • and more...the resulting filling is very flexible. Experiment with ready-made ideas, create ideas around different concepts and create dozens of variations in an instant.
(Video) Can AI Art Create Beautiful Typography and Fonts

How to use padding on images


Make sure you are connected to the internet before continuing becausecreating fillCloud computing required.

create an object

Select an area in the image and describe what you want to add.

  1. make a choice

    use anySelection tools in PhotoshopMake a selection around the desired object or area in the image.

  2. visit create fill

    choosecreating fillin the contextual taskbar that appears.

    Make stunning image updates with text cues using the Create Fill feature (3)

    You can also choosecreating fillChoose from the options below:

    • chooseEdit > Create Fillfrom the application bar.
    • Ctrl/Right + clickSelect an event and selectcreating fillz menu.
  3. Add a text hint

    A text input balloon appears in the contextual taskbar where you can describe the object or scene you want to create in the image, in English only or leave it blank. If you leave this box blank, Photoshop fills in the selection depending on the context.


    Description messages are currently only available in English. For best results, text messages should use descriptive nouns and adjectives instead of instructions like "fill area" or "create a scene."

  4. they create variations

    On the contextual taskbar, when the text prompt is complete, clickproduce.

    • You can use the properties panel andcreating filldialog box (if used).
    • youngproduction layerintegratedlayersChecklist. You can always choose this level to displayCharacteristicpanel to display text hints, masks and variations. This allows you to take advantage of countless creative possibilities and reverse effects when needed, without affecting the original image.
    (Video) Writing in a new book be like
  5. make more changes

    (Optional) To create more variations, clickproduceback inCharacteristicChecklist.

    Additionally, you can modify the text in the tooltip and click the buttonproduceCreate new variations with changed text.

You can now go toCharacteristicand click the thumbnail preview to see the result in an image.

background creation

Select the background behind the object, then follow the text instructions to create a new scene.

Make stunning image updates with text cues using the Create Fill feature (4)

To do this, selectSelect > Themeand selectSelect > Reverse.Then follow steps 2-5 ofcreate an objectuppers.

extended image

Expand the image canvas, select an empty area and applycreating fillI am currently applyingcreating fillNo tips will create a smooth image extension.

Make stunning image updates with text cues using the Create Fill feature (5)
  1. choosecropsTools on the toolbar. Cropping boxes will appear around the edges of the photo.

  2. Drag the corner and end handles outward to increase the size of the canvas.

  3. Accordingenter/returnon the keyboard or oncropsOptions bar.By default, the canvas plugin will use your background color.

  4. Use the rectangle selection tool to select additional canvases by clicking and dragging to make your selection.

  5. Follow steps 2-5 of itcreate an objectuppers.


    (Video) How to Create ANIMATED Subtitles! (Premiere Pro Tutorial)

    After clicking, leave the text input tooltip blankproduceIf you want the selection to fill with the pixels of the surrounding image.

remove the object

Select the item you want to remove and let the genetic AI technology make it disappear.

After clicking, leave the text input tooltip blankproduceIf you want the option to populate according to the context in the image.

Make stunning image updates with text cues using the Create Fill feature (6)


Avoid hard selections and always overlap certain areas around the selection in the image for a better final result and allow smooth blending.

Benefits of using a manufactured fill

Let's take a look at how Photoshop's new AI features will help you in your daily work:

  • Magically jump from idea to image with simple text messages:Generative Fill is an amazing set of new AI-powered features that lets you non-destructively add, expand or remove content from images with simple text prompts for realistic results that will surprise, delight and amaze you - in seconds . Generative Fill automatically adjusts perspective, lighting and photo style, making a previously tedious task fun and producing truly exciting results.
  • Create with incredible speed:Gene fill lets you create as fast as you can type - try out unusual ideas, brainstorm around different concepts and create dozens of variations in no time. Quickly create multiple image suggestions until you find the right variation. High-quality results that used to take hours to create are now achieved in seconds, so you can spend more time honing your creativity.
  • Unlimited creativity combined with Photoshop's precise control:Generate Fill is natively integrated into Photoshop (beta), so you're free to explore while maintaining full control of your creative process and results, all within the Photoshop application. Newly created content is created in production layers, allowing for endless creative possibilities and reversing effects as needed without affecting the original image. Then use the power and precision of Photoshop to take your images to the next level, even beyond your expectations.
  • Powered by the best of Adobe - Powered by Adobe Firefly:Create with confidence knowing that genetic fills are powered by Adobe Firefly, a new family of AI ideation models designed with commercial security in mind, so you can confidently push your creativity to the limit. Firefly has been trained on hundreds of millions of professional, high-resolution licensed images from Adobe Stock - the highest quality on the market. This helps ensure that Firefly does not create content based on the work, brand or intellectual property of others.
  • Let's shape the future of Photoshop together:Join the larger Photoshop community and customize the tools created by Adobe to help you spark your creativity. Download Photoshop (beta) now or sign up for the Firefly beta and let us know what you think.

We're excited to continue developing Generative Fill in the coming months and plan to make it available to most Photoshop customers by the end of the year.

Tips and tricks for using fill generation

Here are some tips and tricks to help you get the most out of itcreating fill:

  • Write effective text messages for amazing results:Stick to simple and direct language and use 3-8 words that include the topic and description. Don't worry about adding commands like "add" or "delete", just write what you want to see. For example, you can write the prompt "House in the woods." If you want, you can add descriptive keywords like "red house in the woods". then clickproduceCheck out the many options.
  • Edit images non-destructively with layers:when you clickproduce, graphics based on the text message will appear in a newproduction layer.You can then use layers in Photoshop to move around and play with different images or objects until you get something you like. Combine multiple generated images to easily get unexpected results.
  • Choose an option with enough pixels to enlarge the image:If you want to expand the image, select a part of the image to reference the AI ​​model to expand the image. Make sure that enough images are selected so that the model can effectively scale the image and have an effect that blends and makes sense with the rest of the original image while increasing the image size.
  • Take your photos one step further with Photoshop:Once you've created a new image, bring it closer to your vision by using all of Photoshop's powerful tools to transform, edit, blend or compose an image. Create anything you can imagine in Photoshop (beta).
  • Be inspired and inspire others: draws inspiration from the wealthy crowd who also benefitAdobe FireflyIcreating fillcomplement their creativity. Get new ideas for different styles you want to try and even ideas for writing different prompts -Galeria Adobe Firefly, then share your creation to inspire others and push them forward!

Question? we have the answer


For answers to frequently asked questions about genetic artificial intelligence, seeGeneral AI FAQs.

What is Photoshop (beta) and where can I find it?

The Photoshop app (beta) lets you test the app, test new features and functionality, and share feedback directly with Adobe. Learn more about Photoshop (beta).Here.

To install the beta app on your computer, visit the websitebeta appyour labelcreative cloudapplication and selectsetting upClosePhotoshop (beta).

I don't see the latest Photoshop update (beta). What should I do?

If you don't see an update next to itPhotoshop (beta), you can go to the Creative Cloud desktop app to manually check for updatesrenewbookmark and selectCheck for updates.

Who can access Photoshop (beta)?

Photoshop (beta) is publicly available to Photoshop users.

How do I provide feedback in Photoshop (beta)?

(Video) How To Create A Complete Inventory Management System In Excel From Scratch + FREE DOWNLOAD

In Photoshop (beta), you can provide feedback by clicking the glass icon in the upper right corner. You can also like, like or report directly from the contextual taskbar.

Why can't I access fill generation?

creating fillIn Photoshop (beta) only for people aged 18 and overCreative Cloud PersonalLeave megroup c.c,Firma CCand oursEducate customers.

For users under 18,creating fillVisible but disabled. Additionally forFor non-RGB 8/16-bit documents, the feature is visible but disabled. hover aboveproduceThe button will display a tooltip explaining why the feature is not available.

creating fillCurrently not available in China.

Why is the Create Fill button grayed out if I'm over 18?

if you findcreating fillgrayed out and you are over 18, you may not have a valid IDDate of birthrelated to youAdobe IDaccount. update yoursDate of birth, you can do any of the following:

  • Sign out and back in to Creative Cloud desktop and Photoshop (beta) apps.
  • Connect tothe behaviorUse your Adobe ID and enter yourDate of birth.
  • If you're signing in with a social login (Apple, Google, and Facebook), make sure your date of birth on that account is set to public, not private.

once yoursDate of birthis up to date, restart Photoshop (beta) to activate itcreating fill.

Is fill generation only available in Photoshop (beta)?

Yes, the Create Fill feature is only available in Photoshop (Beta).

How should I use the padding build? What can I do with fill creation?

Generative Fill is an amazing new set of AI-powered features that let you non-destructively add, expand or remove content from images with simple text prompts for lifelike results that will surprise, delight and delight in seconds.

What is the difference between Create Fill in Photoshop?

  • Quality assets: Generative Fill is powered by Adobe Firefly, a new family of AI models for idea generation that allow simple text input to produce great results in no time.
  • Social involvement: It's in Photoshop (beta), as we invite our community to shape the tools created by Adobe with this groundbreaking new technology.
  • Designed with business security in mind: Create with confidence because Adobe Firefly is trained with hundreds of millions of high-resolution professional images licensed from Adobe Stock, helping to ensure Adobe Firefly doesn't.
  • Set standards of accountability: through efforts such asContent Authenticity InitiativeIAlliance for Content Origin and AuthenticityAdobe supports the accountability, responsibility and transparency of artificial intelligence creation. We are working hard to develop a universal "Do Not Educate" content label that will be associated with this content regardless of where it is used, posted or stored.

Do I need to have Photoshop experience to use?creating fill?

It can be used by Photoshop users of all levelscreating fill.creating fillFeatures are accessible via simple text messages for realistic results that surprise, delight and amaze in seconds.

Have a question or an idea?

Make stunning image updates with text cues using the Create Fill feature (7)

If you have a question about a task or an idea you want to share, come and comeAdobe Photoshop CommunityLubPhotoshop Beta CommunityWe would love to hear from you.

(Video) 5 Secrets to Writing with Chat GPT (Use Responsibly)

more than that

  • Adobe Generative AI Beta User Guide
  • Adobe Firefly FAQ
  • Frequently asked questions about Stock and Firefly products
  • make a choice in the composition
  • Retouch and enhance images


What is the tool to create images from text? ›

VEED uses artificial intelligence software to produce images from text straight from your browser. Just type a text prompt, click on 'Generate Image', and watch images appear on your screen based on your text!

How do I use AI text to image in Canva? ›

How to make AI-generated images. Start a design project from scratch or with a template. On the editor, go to the sidebar and click "Apps," then select the "Text to Image" app. Describe the image you'd like to generate.

What is the best AI image generator? ›

What is the best AI art generator?
AI art generatorPriceOutput speed
Bing Image CreatorFreeFast
DALL-E 2 by OpenAIFree + Credits (depends on sign up date)Fast
Dream by WOMBOFree + SubscriptionFast
2 more rows
May 17, 2023

What is the best way to convert image to text? ›

Yes, you can convert images to text using OCR (Optical Character Recognition) software which understands the text letters in the image and converts them into editable text. OCR technology can convert images to text format easily.

How does text to image work? ›

An AI text-to-image generator often makes use of a machine learning technique called artificial neural networks that can receive input in the form of words, which it then processes to generate an image. The entire process takes mere seconds, so you can see the results of your “work” immediately.

How does Canva's text to image work? ›

How do I use Text to Image?
  1. On the editor side panel, click Apps.
  2. Under Create something new, click on Text to Image.
  3. Enter a description of the image you want to see. ...
  4. Choose a style and aspect ratio.
  5. Click on Generate image.
  6. To add the generated image to your design, click on the image.

What is Canva's AI tool called? ›

Use it to write anything from social media captions and profile bios to brainstorming and seeking inspiration for poems or letters with one simple prompt. Magic Write is available across all Canva designs for 25 free queries. Access additional queries with Canva Pro.

What image AI does Canva use? ›

Canva's AI image generator is based on a technology called Stable Diffusion, an open source text-to-image model that is capable of generating photo-realistic images for whatever you want to create a picture of.

How do I increase the size and clarity of an image? ›

Photo Enhancer
  1. Upload Image. Drag and drop your image from your photo library.
  2. Enhance Photo Quality. Fotor's AI photo quality enhancer automatically enhances photo resolution instantly to make the blurry photo clear without quality loss.
  3. Download HD Image.

How do I use Content Aware Fill in Illustrator? ›

To use the Content Aware Move Tool, simply select the object you want to move and then click on the tool icon in the toolbar. You can then click and drag your object to its new location, and Illustrator will automatically fill in any empty space with surrounding elements from your design.

What is the best text to image AI generator? ›

Starry AI is one of the best text-to-picture AI image generators available on the internet. Its unique granular tool enables you to create images with more personalization than other AI image generators. Starry AI has divided digital art generating into two sections to keep it super simple for its users.

Which text to image AI is the best? ›

Which Is The Best Text-to-Image AI generator?
ToolsBest forRating
Stable DiffusionOpen-source4.6/5.0
CraiyonAI drawing4.3/5.0
JasperWritten and visual content4.4/5.0
PicSoAI girl generator4.6/5.0
4 more rows
May 13, 2023

Which AI makes photos look better? ›

Enhance Image Quality With AI

Fotor's AI photo editor comes with a powerful photo enhancer tool that lets you improve photo quality online in an instant. Just upload your photo, and Fotor will automatically analyze it and fix colors and lighting issues, enhance sharpness, and remove blur from your images in real time.

What image format is best for text in pictures? ›

Text in PNG appears clearer than in JPEG, making it a better choice for graphics that emphasize text such as screenshots, infographics, or banners. The PNG file format is optimized for digital use, making it the most commonly used image format.

How do I extract data from an image to text? ›

The text extractor will allow you to extract text from any image. You may upload an image or document (.pdf) and the tool will pull text from the image. Once extracted, you can copy to your clipboard with one click.

What is the best app to convert image to text? ›

If you're ready to give it a try, here are the best free OCR apps to try for iPhone and Android operating systems.
  • Microsoft Lens. ...
  • Text Scanner. ...
  • SwiftScan. ...
  • Adobe Scan. ...
  • Google Keep. ...
  • Smart Lens. Available for Apple and Android. ...
  • Pen to Print. Available for Apple and Android. ...
  • Text Fairy. Available for Android.

Can I turn an image into text? ›

Go to (Free). Upload or drag and drop your image. Click the Submit button. Copy the text or save the text file on your computer.

What are AI image generators? ›

An AI image generator from text is exactly what you think it is. It is an AI-powered tool that takes a text prompt, processes it, and creates an image that best matches the description given in the text prompt. Don't confuse them with AI image-sourcing tools though.

What are the benefits of text to image AI? ›

Text-to-image AI allows you to generate images from scratch based on a text description. Essentially, you only need to input text describing an image you're thinking of, and the AI will generate a surprisingly accurate picture matching your description.

How do you use text effects in Canva? ›

Click on your text and then in the top menu, click on 'effects'. Effects are a great way to make a headline really stand out or to highlight a particular piece of text. Next, let's take a look at animations. To preview, click on the different photo animations in the Canva editor.

How do I edit text in a picture in Canva? ›

Editing text
  1. Double-click the text box that you want to edit.
  2. Delete or edit its contents. Use the text edit options on the editor toolbar to format your text.
  3. Click outside the text box to finish.

Is Canva a visualization tool? ›

Make beautiful data visualizations with Canva's graph maker

Unlike other online graph makers, Canva isn't complicated or time-consuming. There's no learning curve – you'll get a beautiful graph or diagram in minutes, turning raw data into something that's both visual and easy to understand.

Is Canva an imaging software? ›

Free Online Photo Editor: Free & easy image editing - Canva.

What is Canva graphic design tool? ›

Canva is a cloud-based graphic design tool used to create on-brand marketing content, sales presentations, training videos and more by companies of all sizes. This solution includes features such as drag-and-drop design and photo editing with access to custom fonts, frames, shapes, grids, and icons.

Is there a free AI image generator? ›

Canva (Web, Android, iOS): Free AI Image Generator by the Popular Design App. Canva is one of the most popular photo-editing and designing apps for the web and smartphones. Like Picsart, it has also plunged into the AI world with a free AI art generator of its own.

How to create AI images for free? ›

How to generate AI images
  1. Open Picsart photo editor. In the photo editor find the AI Image Generator tool and enter your text prompt. ...
  2. Generate AI image. Click the Generate image button to begin the AI image creation process. ...
  3. Customize image. Customize your image any way you see fit. ...
  4. Download design.

What is the best AI canvas? ›

Best AI Art Generators (2023)
  • Lensa AI.
  • StarryAI.
  • Dream by WOMBO.
  • Wonder AI.
  • Craiyon.
  • AI Picasso.
Mar 22, 2023

What is content aware fill? ›

Content Aware Fill uses AI technology to select and blend the best replacement pixels. The Patch tool allows us to select an object and choose pixels to put in its place. The Content Aware Move tool lets us move a selected object, integrate the object into its new home, and patch the space left behind.

What does content aware fill mean? ›

Content-Aware Fill was created to enable you to remove distracting areas or objects from photos. It allows you to select an area, and Photoshop will select detail from the surrounding areas of the image to fill in the area you selected.

Can Content Aware Fill be undone? ›

The results with Content-Aware Fill are not always what you expect. If you or Photoshop make a mistake, simply undo your last step by going up to the Edit menu in the Menu Bar and choosing Undo. Or press Ctrl+Z (Win) / Command+Z (Mac) on your keyboard.

How do I make an image better quality? ›

To improve a picture's resolution, increase its size, then make sure it has the optimal pixel density. The result is a larger image, but it may look less sharp than the original picture. The bigger you make an image, the more you'll see a difference in sharpness.

How do I change a low quality image to high quality? ›

How to Increase Resolution of Image Online?
  1. Step 1: Drag and drop a low resolution image to this higher resolution converter.
  2. Step 2: Select a scale (2x, 4x or more) to increase image resolution online.
  3. Note: By default, the original pixelated image will be scaled up by 2x. ...
  4. Step 3: Download result in one click.

How do I refine content aware fill? ›

Quickly remove objects with Content-Aware Fill
  1. Select the object. Make a quick selection of an object you want to remove using Select Subject, the Object Selection Tool, the Quick Selection Tool, or the Magic Wand Tool. ...
  2. Open Content-Aware Fill. ...
  3. Refine the selection. ...
  4. Click OK when you're happy with the fill results.
Nov 15, 2022

Why is Content Aware Fill not working? ›

Why can't I content aware fill? If you don't have the option to use content aware fill, check the layer you're working on. Make sure the layer is not locked, and is not an adjustment layer or a smart object. Also check that you have a selection active on which to apply the content aware fill.

How do I use Content Aware Fill in Lightroom? ›

In the Healing panel, select Content-Aware Remove. Define the Size and Opacity of the brush to make a selection. Click and drag the brush over areas you want to heal using the Content-Aware Remove tool. Lightroom Classic will analyze and fill the selection with the best-suited content from other parts of the photo.

Can you create your own AI image generator? ›

You can generate images or videos or use them as an AI art platform. I'll show you how to get started by creating a simple AI art generator from scratch. Then, you can create your own art generator using machine learning with just a few lines of text. You can get by with only your imagination and not any datasets.

What are AI text generators? ›

AI text generator is an artificial intelligence application tool with the ability to create text paragraphs and written content. These tools assist in the generation of a variety of content ranging from formal text content to be included in emails to casual content to be posted on social media and blogs.

Which AI algorithm is best for image recognition? ›

Due to their unique work principle, convolutional neural networks (CNN) yield the best results with deep learning image recognition.

What is the AI app everyone is using for pictures? ›

Lensa is the AI photo editing app everyone is using on Instagram!

What app uses AI to change pictures? ›

YouCam Perfect is a great option if you're looking for an all-in-one photo enhancer. It has an impressive range of features, including auto-correction, auto-enhancement, portrait retouching, frames, filters, and more. Plus, it's totally free and works on both iOS and Android devices.

What app to use for AI photos? ›

YouCam Makeup is the AI Art generator app with the most versatile AI photo features, from image to cartoon, aging simulator, object removal to skin retouch. Download the free app today to experience the magic of AI!

Is Dall E free to use? ›

DALL. E 2 is one of the best AI image generators available—and you can try it out now for free. The idea is that you enter a text prompt—like, "an oil painting of a monkey in a spacesuit on the moon"—and the AI does its best to generate an image that matches your idea. It's super fun to use, but DALL.

What is the Dall E website? ›

Dall-E is a generative AI technology that enables users to create new images with text to graphics prompts. Functionally, Dall-E is a neural network and is able to generate entirely new images in any number of different styles as specified by the user's prompts.

Can regular people use DALL-E? ›

In September 2022, DALL-E 2 officially closed its waiting list and opened the platform to the public. Users start with 50 free credits to transform searches into fully generated artwork and 15 free credits every month from then on. The site also allows you to buy more credits.

Is DALL-E illegal? ›

In the eyes of the Copyright Office, the public is free to reproduce, publish, or sell your DALL-E 2-generated masterpiece, no strings attached. Congress could change the law, or the courts could recognize a copyright in AI-generated work despite what the Copyright Office thinks.

Is DALL-E available for everyone? ›

That means anyone can sign up and use it. DALL-E is a deep learning image synthesis model that has been trained on hundreds of millions of images pulled from the Internet.

Does Elon Musk still own OpenAI? ›

Musk is one of the co-founders of OpenAI, which was started as a non-profit in 2015. He stepped down from the company's board in 2018. Our Standards: The Thomson Reuters Trust Principles.

Can I use DALL-E on iPhone? ›

Download THE FIRST iOS app ever to allow you to create AI Generated Art using AI Image Generator powered by DALL-E on your iPhone now!

What is Google's equivalent to DALL-E? ›

Imagen is Google's answer to OpenAI's recently unveiled image AI DALL-E 2.

Which is the best AI in the world? ›

The best overall AI chatbot is the new Bing due to its exceptional performance, versatility, and free availability. It uses OpenAI's cutting-edge GPT-4 language model, making it highly proficient in various language tasks, including writing, summarization, translation, and conversation.

What is the AI generator everyone is using? ›

Deep Dream Generator

One of the most popular AI art generators on the market, Deep Dream is an online tool that enables you to create realistic images with AI. Deep Dream relies on a neural network that was trained with millions of images.

What is an AI generator? ›

AI art generators are software that use artificial intelligence and its many facets (machine learning, neural networks and more) to automatically create images. They often come in two forms — text to image or image to image — and both are fairly self-explanatory.


1. PowerApps Animation, Flashing Text, and Scrolling
(Shane Young)
2. i’ve changed so much | BAILEY SPINN #shorts
(Bailey Spinn)
3. Create A Word Cloud In Microsoft Word
(The Tech Train)
4. How to enhance Quizlet Study Sets with images, GIFs, and diagrams (Advanced features)
5. How to use AI Art and ChatGPT to Create a Insane Web Designs
(Codex Community)
6. I made a website using AI (INSANE Results!)
(Create a Pro Website)


Top Articles
Latest Posts
Article information

Author: Jonah Leffler

Last Updated: 07/14/2023

Views: 5727

Rating: 4.4 / 5 (65 voted)

Reviews: 88% of readers found this page helpful

Author information

Name: Jonah Leffler

Birthday: 1997-10-27

Address: 8987 Kieth Ports, Luettgenland, CT 54657-9808

Phone: +2611128251586

Job: Mining Supervisor

Hobby: Worldbuilding, Electronics, Amateur radio, Skiing, Cycling, Jogging, Taxidermy

Introduction: My name is Jonah Leffler, I am a determined, faithful, outstanding, inexpensive, cheerful, determined, smiling person who loves writing and wants to share my knowledge and understanding with you.